Technical Articles / Whitepapers

SMD Tantalum Capacitors Break Limit of 200degC for Continuous Operation

SMD Tantalum Capacitors Break Limit of 200degC for Continuous Operation

SMD Tantalum Capacitors Break Limit of 200degC for Continuous Operation Written By: R. Faltus | T. Zedníček Abstract: Capacitors are one of the key parts of any electronic device and system. The main functions of capacitors include power supply voltage smoothing, supporting energy sources when high current pulse is demanded, blocking a DC voltage in signal pathes, filtering, etc. To assure required functionality of a system we cannot omit capacitors and it is valid for high temperature applications as well. In oil and gas mining industry a high temperature capacitors are needed for DC/DC converter of drilling heads that are subjected to rising ambient temperature with depth. Thus the higher permitted operating temperature of used capacitor and other passive and

Smallest and Lowest Profile Tantalum Capacitors

Smallest and Lowest Profile Tantalum Capacitors

Smallest and Lowest Profile Tantalum Capacitors Written By: T. Zednicek | I. Paukert | I. Zednickova Abstract: Tantalum capacitor technology has been recognized for its parametric stability and long term reliability in the most demanding of applications. Unlike some other capacitor technologies, tantalum capacitors do not exhibit significant capacitance change over time and voltage. The other benefit is that due to its mechanical strength it is possible to manufacture flat & thin designs, so why these type of capacitors are the best fit for tasks such as “can you make higher capacitance in the lowest profile? “ The paper provides an overview of such tantalum capacitors suitable for most demanding sub millimeter size and low profile capacitors down to 0201

Reverse Voltage Behavior of Solid Tantalum Capacitors

Reverse Voltage Behavior of Solid Tantalum Capacitors

Reverse Voltage Behavior of Solid Tantalum Capacitors Written By: Ian Bishop | John Gill Abstract: This paper is intended to give the design engineer an understanding of the effects of reverse voltage operation on the chemical structure and life reliability of a tantalum capacitor. It also aims to show a circuit design engineer about predicting the life performance of a circuit where a tantalum capacitor is subjected to negative voltages.

Reliability Management of Tantalum Capacitors

Reliability Management of Tantalum Capacitors

Reliability Management of Tantalum Capacitors Written By: Chris Reynolds Abstract: Tantalum capacitors can achieve high reliability in steady state applications. Tantalum capacitors have highly stable capacitance and frequency dependent characteristics. Short circuits are a low level, but not negligible, failure mode. Because of this, reliability management of tantalum chips means the effective control of the S/C failure mode, not least because this mode cannot be designed around by use of redundancy circuits, etc.

Reaching the Highest Reliability for Tantalum Capacitors

Reaching the Highest Reliability for Tantalum Capacitors

Reaching the Highest Reliability for Tantalum Capacitors Written By: James Bates | Marc Beaulieu | Michael Miller | Joseph Paulus Abstract: Weibull reliability assessment has been used for characterization of tantalum capacitors for many decades driven by MIL standards. Over time major improvements have been made in process, material, testing, equipment and other process control. Is Weibull still the best fit for today’s technology and Hi-Rel applications? A new approach is needed since the current Weibull grading to assure reliability has deficiencies, in particular, the need for early life failures and the potentially damaging application of excessive voltage during the burn-in in an effort to maximize the Weibull acceleration factor. This paper will discuss modifications to the existing burn-in process,

Next Generation of High Voltage, Low ESR SMD Tantalum Conductive Polymer Capacitors Exceeds 100V Milestone

Next Generation of High Voltage, Low ESR SMD Tantalum Conductive Polymer Capacitors Exceeds 100V Milestone

Next Generation of High Voltage, Low ESR SMD Tantalum Conductive Polymer Capacitors Exceeds 100V Milestone Written By: T. Zedníček | M.Bárta | J.Petržílek | M.Uher | I.Horáček | J. Tomáško | L. Djebara Abstract: Tantalum capacitors designed for high voltage applications (above 25V) have been used for many years in telecommunication, industrial, automotive or other high reliability applications. The conventional high voltage tantalum capacitor design is using a manganese dioxide cathode that provides good reliability, stability and robustness. Nevertheless there are certain limitations. First of all it is the operating voltage – even with optimized processes of dielectric formation, rated voltages of such parts are mostly limited to 50 or 63V. The other limitation is ESR. Very low ESR values

New Tantalum Technologies Tantalum Polymer and Niobium Oxide Capacitors

New Tantalum Technologies Tantalum Polymer and Niobium Oxide Capacitors

New Tantalum Technologies Tantalum Polymer and Niobium Oxide Capacitors Written By: T.Zedníček Abstract: Tantalum has been a favored capacitor technology in space-limited designs and high reliability applications for a long time. Recent years have seen the emergence of one or two equivalent technologies offering many of the advantages of tantalum, such as volumetric efficiency and reliability. Two new technologies recently introduced into their commercialization phase are niobium oxide capacitors and tantalum capacitors with conductive polymer cathodes. A circuit designer trying to choose between these solid electrolyte capacitor systems has a number of trade-offs and subtleties of operation to consider. This paper reviews the main features of the two technologies, the latest electronic application needs and discusses the feasibility of the

Investigation Into the Effects of Connecting Tantalum Capacitors in Series

Investigation Into the Effects of Connecting Tantalum Capacitors in Series

Investigation Into the Effects of Connecting Tantalum Capacitors in Series Written By: J.A. Gill Abstract: This paper demonstrates how high voltage capacitors can be made by connecting lower voltage rated parts in series. How to create large banks of capacitance by parallel and series combinations of capacitors without sacrificing reliability is also discussed.